Lentiviral vectors and protocols for creation of stable hESC lines for fluorescent tracking and drug resistance selection of cardiomyocytes.

Journal: 
PLoS One
Publication Year: 
2009
Authors: 
Hiroko Kita-Matsuo , Maria Barcova , Natalie Prigozhina , Nathan Salomonis , Karen Wei , Jeffrey G Jacot , Brandon Nelson , Sean Spiering , Rene Haverslag , Changsung Kim , Maria Talantova , Ruchi Bajpai , Diego Calzolari , Alexey Terskikh , Andrew D McCulloch , Jeffrey H Price , Bruce R Conklin , H S Vincent Chen , Mark Mercola
Public Summary: 
Scientific Abstract: 
BACKGROUND: Developmental, physiological and tissue engineering studies critical to the development of successful myocardial regeneration therapies require new ways to effectively visualize and isolate large numbers of fluorescently labeled, functional cardiomyocytes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here we describe methods for the clonal expansion of engineered hESCs and make available a suite of lentiviral vectors for that combine Blasticidin, Neomycin and Puromycin resistance based drug selection of pure populations of stem cells and cardiomyocytes with ubiquitous or lineage-specific promoters that direct expression of fluorescent proteins to visualize and track cardiomyocytes and their progenitors. The phospho-glycerate kinase (PGK) promoter was used to ubiquitously direct expression of histone-2B fused eGFP and mCherry proteins to the nucleus to monitor DNA content and enable tracking of cell migration and lineage. Vectors with T/Brachyury and alpha-myosin heavy chain (alphaMHC) promoters targeted fluorescent or drug-resistance proteins to early mesoderm and cardiomyocytes. The drug selection protocol yielded 96% pure cardiomyocytes that could be cultured for over 4 months. Puromycin-selected cardiomyocytes exhibited a gene expression profile similar to that of adult human cardiomyocytes and generated force and action potentials consistent with normal fetal cardiomyocytes, documenting these parameters in hESC-derived cardiomyocytes and validating that the selected cells retained normal differentiation and function. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: The protocols, vectors and gene expression data comprise tools to enhance cardiomyocyte production for large-scale applications.

© 2013 California Institute for Regenerative Medicine